A nearly complete (+90%) skeleton of the pygmy mammoth (Mammuthus exilis) was recovered from Santa Rosa Island, California, in August 1994. An intensive, GPS controlled, pedestrian survey of the northern Channel Islands was initiated January 1996. That survey, collection of specimens subject to loss by erosion, and submission of samples for absolute dates has yielded more than 140 locations of mammoth remains and six new radiocarbon dates for M. exilis. Using existing museum collections and newly collected osteological and dental remains, comparisons were made with the common mainland mammoth (M. columbi) from the Mammoth Site of Hot Springs, South Dakota.

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Natuurhistorisch Museum Rotterdam

L.D. Agenbroad. (2003). New absolute dates and comparisons for California’s Mammuthus exilis. Deinsea, 9(1), 1–16.