In this paper we review the Mangeliidae of the Lower Piacenzian, Upper Pliocene of Estepona, southern Spain. Forty species are recorded representing 14 genera, of which six species are described as new: Agathotoma estherae nov. sp., Bela obesoiberica nov. sp., Bela olivoidea nov. sp., Mangelia pseudoceddaensis nov. sp., Sorgenfreispira planicostata nov. sp., and Vexiguraleus iberoangulatus nov. sp. Drillia hypoglypta Fontannes, 1880 and Belidaphne brunettii Della Bella, Naldi & Scarponi, 2015 are considered subjective junior synonyms of Raphitoma semicostata Bellardi, 1847. The assemblages show a moderately high level of endemism (25%). Both shallow and deeper-water taxa are represented. The fauna is similar to that found in the tropical Mediterranean Pliocene of Italy (MPPMU1); we note the first record for the European Neogene of the genus Bactrocythara Woodring, 1928, which today occurs only further South along the tropical coasts of West Africa.

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Cainozoic research

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Bernard Landau, & Mathias Harzhauser. (2023). The Pliocene Gastropoda (Mollusca) of Estepona, southern Spain. Part 18: Mangeliidae (Gastropoda, Conoidea). Cainozoic research, 23(1), 47–111.