In this paper we review the Terebridae of the Lower Piacenzian, Upper Pliocene of Estepona, southern Spain. Ten species are recorded within four genera, of which three are described as new: Hastula wilmulderae nov. sp., Terebra henkmulderi nov. sp. and Terebra praehistrio nov. sp. Terebridae are an important marker of thermophilia in the Plio/Pleistocene mediterranean. This relatively high diversity seen in the Estepona assemblages again reflects the fully tropical conditions prevailing during ecostratigraphic unit MPPMU1. Moreover, tentative phylogenetic associations are suggested for some of the Estepona augers and extant West-African species.

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Cainozoic Research

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Bernard Landau, & Mathias Harzhauser. (2023). The Pliocene Gastropoda (Mollusca) of Estepona, southern Spain. Part 21: Terebridae (Conoidea). Cainozoic Research, 23(2), 315–336.