This article treats of fossil mamal remains coming from a suction-pit near Pannerden. The bone- and molarremnants were found in deposits of the river Rhine. The introduction deals with the geology of the area concerned and the relation between the course of the Rhine and the fractural movements in the southern part of the Netherlands. Also, a section-description is given of a drilling near Pannerden. It appears from the enumeration of the mamal remains that the bone-remnants of species Bos, Equus and Sus dominate. It is assumed that domestic use by Holocene man is the underlying cause of this. The fossil remains are on account of the suction-depth and of the section-description, determined to the Weichselien and Holocene. Based on the official classification of Weichselien and Holocene, the findings may be divided into two groups. The first group (including Mammuthus primigenius and Cervus giganteus) lived in a temperate arctic climate during the Late-Weichselien. The second group (wherein Ovisarius, Caprahircus, Bostaurus, Canus familiaris and Homo sapiens) lived in a softer climate with more growth, during the Holocene. This is, however, an arbitrary division: some of the species may have lived in either Weichselien or Holocene.

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Grondboor & Hamer

CC BY 3.0 NL ("Naamsvermelding")

Nederlandse Geologische Vereniging

A. Martinius. (1984). Fossiele zoogdiervondsten uit Pannerden. Grondboor & Hamer, 38(5), 159–164.