The above-ground vegetation of the ’Matopos Sandveld Fire Plots’ in S. Zimbabwe, experimental plots with a consistent management (12 different regimes) since 1947, contained only very few bryophytes: isolated plants of Exormotheca holstii, two Riccia species, two Archidium species and a Bruchia. However, from superficial soil samples taken in plots with four different management regimes, including annual fire, at least 11 hepatics & Anthocerotae and 21 mosses emerged, often in large numbers. Most species belonged to the Annual Shuttle species. Annual burning of the above-ground vegetation did not appear to be harmful to the diaspores in the soil.