The phanagorian elephant Phanagoroloxodon mammontoides Garutt, 1957 from the Pliocene of the north-western Caucasus.2
Cranium , Volume 12 - Issue 2 p. 87- 92
In 1957 the author detected in the collection of the Yekaterinodar (Krasnodar) Historical and Archeological repositorymuseum the skull of an extinct elephant, of a previously unknown form. The skull had been found at the end of the last century in the north-western Caucasus, on the bank of the river Psekups, in the district of the village Saratovskaya. The form got the denomination Phanagoroloxodon mammontoides Garutt, 1957. Its probable age is Late Pliocene or Early Pleistocene. Craniological and odontological characters of the new form served to the author as a reason for including it into the subfamily Elephantinae and the tribe Phanagoroloxodontini established by Garutt (1991). According to their morphological characters, the representatives of this tribe occupied a nearly intermediate position between the tribes Elephantini and Mamuthini belonging to the same subfamily. The author advances a supposition that the tribe Phanagoroloxodontini could be the progenitor of these two filial tribes.
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