Description of Taraxacum kernianum Van Soest, Hagendijk & Zevenbergen, spec, nov., a species formerly confounded with T. hamatiforme Dahlst. The new species is known from the Netherlands and Belgium but may be found in collections of T. hamatiforme from other localities within the area of this species. The type-specimen was collected in moist grassland between Boxtel and Vught, prov. N.-Brabant, 22.4.1960, by K. B. van Brakel & J. L. van Soest (herb. Van Soest 39618).