Morphometric characteristics are given for mammoth remains from seven Mousterian sites in the Crimea and Caucasus. Molars possess thick enamel and a low lamellar frequency corresponding to the early Mammuthus primigenius in Eastern Europe. This woolly mammoth, together with other thermophilous and mesophilous large mammal species, became extinct in the Crimea and Caucasus at the end of the Mousterian.