New excavations and analyses of paleontological and archeological materials from the Upper Paleolithic site Kraków Spadzista Street (B) indicate that 71 mammoths may have been killed at the site by paleolithic hunters or died there naturally, probably not all at the same time. Archeological materials belong to the Upper Paleolithic industries of the Kostenki type. Many tools were found, which could be used as points, arrowheads or knives. About 99% of mammal remains are from the woolly mammoth. At the site, all parts of mammoth skeleton were found. The age profile of the site is typical of a stable population. Carnivore gnawing marks, rodent gnawing marks, trampling marks, different weathering stages and root etching were observed at the bones. The lack of cutting marks on the bones must be mentioned here.

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Natuurhistorisch Museum Rotterdam

P. Wojtal, & K. Sobczyk. (2003). Taphonomy of the Gravettian site - Kraków Spadzista Street (B). Deinsea, 9(1), 557–562.