Among the collections recently made by Dr. J. A. Steyermark in Venezuela there are two specimens belonging to a new species of the genus Resia H. E. Moore, Bot. Mus. Leaf!. Harvard Univ. 20 (3): 85-92. 1962. The only species known at present, R. nimbicola H. E. Moore occurs in Colombia. As shown by the figure and the description the species described below is closely allied to the type species. The name R. ichthyoides was chosen because the venation of the lower-side of the leaves resembles a fish-bone. The species differ as follows: Corolla glabrous inside; pistil densely short-pilose R. nimbicola Corolla villose inside in the throat; pistil glabrous R. ichthyoides