The shrub heath constitutes a major part of the vegetation of Greenland. Different types occur, the distribution pattern of which is chiefly determined by climatic and edaphic factors. In 1966 the author paid a four months visit to the Angmagssalik area (65 °N. lat. -67°20'N. lat.). in South-east Greenland (ca. 60°N. lat.-ca. 68°N.)at.) to study among others the shrub heath, which is, as in other low-arctic parts of South-east Greenland, the most common vegetation type there. The bedrock in the mountainous area, which is cut by fjords, consists mainly of gneiss, granite and schist. The investigations were carried out in a coastal locality (with a local oceanic climate) and in an inland locality (with a local continental climate).