In the course of the study of the Scrophulariaceae of the Alpine Regions of New Guinea (Botanische Jahrbiicher 90, 2, 1972, in press) I had to study the Euphrasias of areas surrounding New Guinea as well, with the result that two new species had to be described from areas where none were known. The remarkable fact about the two species is that the one from Ceram is more related to the Bornean Euphrasia borneensis Stapf than to the New Guinean species, whilst the new Celebes species is clearly related to New Guinean species. However all species are closely related to each other and form part of the group of Euphrasia species that had its origins clearly in the southern hemisphere.