The indigenous bread wheats from Northern Nigeria are described. They mainly belong to var. erythrospermum ! and var. r meridionale. . The Nigerian wheats are very susceptible to mildew. They belong to a group of Ne the Sudan zone perhaps forming an Neim-region. These wheats may have come from the Near East, through Egypt. Later, a second wave of non-carrier Sahara wheats may have broken the link between the Near East and the Sudan zone. Some varieties are morphologically different (var. graecum) and carry the Neiw-allele. They derive possibly from wheats introduced from India/Pakistan.