About 23 species out of the 28 Israeli orchids have no food reward and therefore, are candidates to have deceptive means to attract pollinators. Epipactis veratrifolia (syn. E. consimilis) is pollinated mainly by the Syrphid fly Ischionodon aegypticus which oviposited on the flower which has aphid mimics, in addition to the nectar in the hypochyle, (Ivri & Dafni 1977),