Development and regeneration in an expanding Juniperus communis stand was recorded in two permanent plots (each 50 x 50 m) during 1970/71-1986. One plot was cleared, showing an uneven age distribution: 14-116 years (seedlings not included). In the uncleared control plot the juniper stand increased its cover from 10 0 to 18-3% (1971-1986). Young shrubs increased more in height and diameter than older ones. Seedling establishment was recorded in the two plots from 1971 and in a cattle-grazed plot from 1983. The latter had the highest number of seedlings (814) but also the highest mortality (24%) due to drought. Aggregations of seedlings were found in areas between old shrubs. Correlation between stem diameter and age was calculated (r = 0-84).

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Acta botanica neerlandica

CC BY 3.0 NL ("Naamsvermelding")

Koninklijke Nederlandse Botanische Vereniging

E. Rosén. (1988). Development and seedling establishment within a Juniperus communis stand on Öland, Sweden. Acta botanica neerlandica, 37(2), 193–201.