The brachiopod fauna of the White Limestone Group of Jamaica includes seven rhynchonelliform species, two from the Eocene Swanswick Formation and five from the Miocene Montpelier Formation. Despite the small numbers of species and specimens available, the shelf-edge fauna associated with bioclastic limestone in the Swanswick Formation, with Hercothyris and Probolarina, contrasts with that from the chalk facies of the Montpelier Formation, dominated by Argyrotheca, Terebratulina and Tichosina. Both faunas have links with coeval assemblages from the adjacent island of Cuba.