The colonisation of The Netherlands by the Goshawk is nearing its final stage: the province of Zeeland saw its first breeding pair in 2001, increasing to 8-10 pairs in 2003. This settlement was preceded by solitary Goshawks roaming the area from August 1989 onwards, mostly juvenile females. The island of Schouwen-Duiveland became occupied in 2004, when three chicks fledged from a nest in the coastal region. Another breeding pair was suspected to have bred elsewhere on the island.