In Scandinavia the wolf is still on the verge of extinction, in spite of an increase of the population in the Sovjet-Union and Finland during the 1970ths. Between 1983 and 1986 a pair of wolves kept a territory in Sweden (Varmland), near the Norwegian boundery. Scientist discovered that 15 pups were born in this area, for the first time after the Second Worldwar. However, the survival of this small population is a matter of great controversy. Although the wolves are legally protected, illegal killings frequently occur. Probably most pups born between 1983-1986 were shot. The number of wolves occurring in Scandinavia in 1985 is estimated as 20 individuals.