The observations were carried out at two localities in Ethiopia. When two a meet, one of them may fly off, or the two may face each other when flying with small vertical hops. When a <5 approaches a perched 9 it flies very slowly or hovers, its body swinging laterally, sometimes describing a semicircle around the 9. The 9 may refuse pairing by spreading out its wings. The copula was observed once and lasted about half a minute.