The relationship between the onset and the level of odon. flight activity and ambient temperature (T ) was investigated at mating sites mainly in northern Germany, but also in southern France. Several spp. were able to fly at lower r at the mating site in September than in June and July. The level of flight activity depended on T , In summer, Ischnura elegans (Zygoptera) and Orthetrum cancellatum (Anisoptera), could fly at the lowest T and exhibited special warming-up strategies. Southern spp, started activity at the mating site at higher Ta than did northern spp.