The micro-anatomy of the $ accessory glands in adult A. juncea and A. grandis is similar but the size of the A. grandis glands is clearly larger than that of A. juncea. The secretory cells constitute a simple columnar epithelium surrounding a cuticle-lined lumen. The glandular epithelium is provided with a peculiar system of deep, narrow, intercellular crypts bordered with microvillar cell membranes. Lipids released to the crypt lumen are presumably forced into the central gland lumen by contractions of the muscular network attached to the outside of the gland. The efferent duct of each gland that opens to the distal part of the vagina has a complicated muscular apparatus, probably serving as a pump. The secreted substances accumulate in the central gland cavity mainly during the pre-reproductive phase, which the dragonflies spend away from water. The secretion contains substances with wax-like properties and becomes darkened by osmication. Secretory cells appear to possess a limited life span; scattered cells in process of dying occur already during the early reproductive phase. In the late reproductive phase most of the glandular epithelium presents a disintegrated appearance. There is no cell renewal in the gland in the course of adult life. The pattern of cell death indicates a decomposition by apoptosis. Besides contributing to investment of the eggs, the glands presumably intervene also in other aspects of the reproductive processes.