The present immunocytochemical study reveals the presence of well-defined endocrine cells, intermingled with the columnar cells of the epithelium in the midgut region of the alimentary canal of T. virginia. The midgut endocrine cells are of 2 types, the open-type midgut endocrine cells (OMEC) with a long tubule opening into the lumen of the midgut and close-type midgut endocrine cells (CMEC) which are spherical in shape and devoid of extending tubules. Various gastrointestinal hormone-like substances are localized in respective types of midgut endocrine cells in different regions of the midgut i.e. anterior, middle and posterior. The NPY, FMRFamide and 3-endorphin were localized in the open-type while substance P, gastrin, CCK and VIP in the close-type midgut endocrine cells. The midgut endocrine cells in T. Virginia differ from each other in their location, cytomorphological and immunocytochemical characteristics representing different types of endocrine cells. Functional significance of these myotropic and vertebrate gastrointestinal hormone-like substances in the midgut endocrine cells of T. Virginia is discussed.


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Societas Internationalis Odonatologica

N.V. Patankar, & D.B. Tembhare. (2006). Immunocytochemical demonstration of some vertebrate peptide hormone-like substances in the midgut endocrine cells in Tramea virginia (Rambur) (Anisoptera: Libellulidae). Odonatologica, 35(2), 151–158.