23 spp. from Portugal and Spain are recorded. The findings are based on material collected between 1979 and 1990, but mainly on a journey in September 1980. A new subspecies of Calopteryx haemorrhoidalis (Vander L.) is described and discussed in the context of other Iberian sspp. Some remarks are also made concerning Anax parthenope geyri Buchholz and Diplacodes lefebvrii (Ramb.).