A female C. erythraea (det. L. Sawkiewicz) was collected in the western Bieszczady Mountains (E Carpathians), in the village of Duszatyn. 22- -VII-1989. The specimen was not fully coloured. It was collected from Typha sp.. near a small pond (3 x 5 m. depth 0.2-0.3 m) in the Oslawa R. valley. In the vicinity there are several other shallow ditches, with Typha, Callitriche, Juncus and Carex, where adult and larval Aeshna cyanea (Miill.) and Coenagrion puella (L.) were collected. C. erythraea is a typical southern species, which reproduces in most of Africa. Asia Minor and in many areas of southern Europe. It has been recorded often as an incidental immigrant e.g. in Romania, Hungary. Austria, Switzerland and Germany, and (during hot summers) even in Belgium and Holland. In Poland, it was reported from Debniki ponds near Cracow (J. ZACW1LICHOWSKI, 1922, Spraw. Kom.fizjogr.. Krakow 55/56: 102-125) and from the village of Jablonki in the western Bieszczady Mountains (M. BIELEWICZ, 1968, Przegl. zool. 12:356-357), while the identification of the specimen reported by J. FUDAKOWSKI (1932, Fragm.faun. 1:15) is uncertain. Consequently. C. erythraea occurs in Poland sporadically, as an immigrant species. As it appears from the tencral condition of our specimen, during years with favourable weather the species may even complete its reproduction cycle there.