S. fonscolombei is probably almost always an allochthonous species in the northern part of central Europe, where it migrates from the South and sometimes reaches N Poland, N Germany, Holland and even the British Isles and Latvia (R.R. ASKEW, 1988, The dragonflies of Europe, Harley, Colchester). As data from Germany show, this species probably only very rarely overwinters in this part of Europe and emerges in May or June. More frequent seems to be the emergence of a second generation in the late summer and early autumn, as a result of reproduction of (mainly?) migrants from the South, which arrived in the spring or early summer (summarized in J. LEMPERT, 1987. Libellula 6: 59-69). On 29 October 1996, a male (probably having matured only recently) was caught in Poznan, W Poland (52S23’N, 16S59’E), by a small, shallow (max. 40 cm) pool, overgrown by Characeae and along shores by Sparganium ramosum, Typha latifolia, Alisma plantago-aquatica, Schoenoplectus lacustris, Heleocharis palustris and grasses. This is the 16th record of this species in Poland and the 7th in central and northern parts of it (A. LABÇDZKI & M.J. LUSZCZAK, 1984, Notul. odonatol. 2: 50-51; A. CZEKAJ, 1993, Wiad. enlomol. 12: 155-161; 1994, Notul. odonatol. 4: 53; R. BERNARD & J. MUSIAL, 1995, Opusc. zool.flumin. 138: 1-9; R. BERNARD, 1996 ,Rocz. nauk.pol. Tow. Ochr. Przyr. 1: 157-166).