Three species of Lepidochitona Gray, 1821, have so far been known from northwestern Africa, viz., L. piceola (Shuttleworth, 1853), L. canariensis (Thiele, 1909) and L. stroemfelti (Bergenhayn, 1931), all from the Canary Islands. Two more species are described here as new to science: L. caboverdensis (Senegal and Cabo Verde Archipelago) and L. rolani (Cabo Verde Archipelago).